Filterra® Biofiltration


Filterra is an engineered high-performance bioretention system. While it operates similar to traditional bioretention, its high flow media allows for a reduction in footprint of up to 95% versus traditional bioretention practices. Filterra provides a Low Impact Development (LID) solution for tight, highly developed sites such as urban development projects, commercial parking lots, residential streets, and streetscapes. Its small footprint also reduces installation and life cycle costs versus traditional bioretention. Filterra can be configured in many different ways to enhance site aesthetics, integrate with other LID practices, or increase runoff reduction through infiltration below or downstream of the system

IDEAL USES

  • Low Impact Development and Green Infrastructure Design
  • High pollutant removal requirements
  • New construction and urban retrofits
  • Pretreatment for above-ground or shallow below-ground storage
  • Shallow (1.3 m), decentralized treatment
  • LEED points

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Filterra – High Flow Rates, High Pollutant Removal


How Filterra Works

  1. 1. Stormwater enters the Filterra through a pipe, curb inlet, or sheet flow and ponds over the pretreatment mulch layer, capturing heavy sediment and debris. Organics and microorganisms within the mulch trap and degrade metals and hydrocarbons. The mulch also provides water retention for the system’s vegetation.
  2. 2. Stormwater flows through engineered Filterra media which filters fine pollutants and nutrients. Organic material in the media removes dissolved metals and acts as a food source for root-zone microorganisms. Treated water exits through an underdrain pipe or infiltrates (if designed accordingly).
  3. 3. Rootzone microorganisms digest and transform pollutants into forms easily absorbed by plants.
  4. 4. Plant roots absorb stormwater and pollutants that were transformed by microorganisms, regenerating the media’s pollutant removal capacity. The roots grow, provide a hospitable environment for the rootzone microorganisms and penetrate the media, maintaining hydraulic conductivity.
  5. 5. The plant trunk and foliage utilize nutrients such as Nitrogen and Phosphorus for plant health, sequester heavy metals into the biomass, and provide evapotranspiration of residual water within the system.

 

Filterra Features and Benefits

Features Benefits
High biofiltration media flow rate (up to 3550 mm/hr+) Greatly reduced footprint versus traditional bioretention
Rigid and precise quality control parameters for mulch and media Consistent, superior pollutant removal performance and infiltration rate
Filterra system is packaged, including all components necessary for system performance Quality control for easy, fast and successful installation
Quick and easy maintenance Low lifecycle costs
Variety of configurations and aesthetic options Integrates easily into any site or landscape plan
Natural stormwater management processes featuring organics and vegetation Meets Low Impact Development requirements and ensures long-term performance

Configurations

  • Filterra Offline
  • Filterra Bioscape Vault
  • Filterra Bioscape Vault Basin

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Filterra Media – Proven Pollutant Removal

At the heart of the Filterra system is Filterra engineered biofiltration media; a specified gradation of washed aggregate and organic material homogeneously blended under strict quality controlled conditions. Using data from independent, third-party field studies including the University of Virginia (TARP), Herrera Environmental Consultants (TAPE), Terraphase Engineering (NJCAT), North Carolina State University (TAPE & TARP) and Geosyntec Consultants, the filter media has been optimized to operate under high flow rates while providing superior, pollutant removal performance. Filterra media is tested for hydraulic functionality, fertility, and particle size distribution to ensure uniform performance.

Filterra media also supports a vegetation component with suitable hardiness for the local region consisting of grasses, shrubs, or trees that assist with the adsorption of pollutants through biological uptake/storage and pollutant consumption by microbes within the plant root zone.

MEASURED POLLUTANT REMOVAL PERFORMANCE
(Ranges varying with particle size, pollutant loading and site conditions)
TSS Removal 89 - 97%*
Phosphorus Removal 52 - 85%*
Nitrogen Removal 43%
Total Copper Removal 58%
Dissolved Copper Removal 46%
Total Zinc Removal 66%
Dissolved Zinc Removal 58%
Oil & Grease 93%

Information on the pollutant removal efficiency of the filter media/plant media is based on third-party lab and field studies.
* Based on data from multiple field studies as reported in the ISO 14034 ETV Verification Statement for Filterra®.


VERIFIED PERFORMANCE

Filterra is approved through numerous local, state, and federal agencies and verification programs, including:

  • ISO 14034 Environmental Management - Environmental Technology Verification (ETV)
  • New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJ DEP)
  • Washington Department of Ecology (GULD) – Basic, Enhanced, Phosphorus, and Oil
  • Maryland Department of the Environment - Environmental Site Design (ESD)
  • Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ)
  • Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VA DEQ)
  • Maine Department of Environmental Protection (ME DEP)
  • Atlanta, GA Regional Commission
  • Los Angeles County, CA - Alternate to Attachment H
  • City of Portland, Oregon Bureau of Environmental Services
  • North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (NC DEQ)

 

Filterra® – In the Field

We make it easy! The Filterra system is delivered to the job site with all components except plant and mulch.


Installation

  • Bioretention system sealed from construction sediment.
  • Contractor off-loads top and vault separately.
  • Set vault to grade on 6 inches (150 mm) compacted #57, pipe up, backfill, set top.

Activation

  • Contractors: Do NOT remove throat plate nor tree grate covers.
  • Vegetation selection guidance based on your climate zone.
  • Imbrium-certified providers conduct on-site activation with installation of mulch and plant.

Maintenance

  • The first year of maintenance is included with the purchase of every system.
  • Maintenance is low-cost, low-tech and simple:
  • - Remove trash, sediment, and mulch.
  • - Replace with a fresh layer of 3 inches (75 mm) of mulch.
  • - Can be done by landscape contractor.
  • - No confined space entry.

COLD CLIMATE CONSIDERATIONS

Bioretention systems such as Filterra rely on the vegetation to assist in pollutant removal. Winter road clearing efforts can wreak havoc on roadside landscaping and stormwater structures. For the best performance, Imbrium recommends the following:

  • Use salt tolerant plants. Refer to Imbrium’s recommended plant list for Filterra systems
  • Consider using taller species with suitable system placement for increased visibility and identification during large snow events.
  • Perform maintenance at the end of winter just prior to the growing season to remove mulch contaminated with winter sands and salts. Flush plant with water to wash out remaining salt.






How Filterra Works


Filterra is offered in multiple configurations to meet site specific needs. These configurations make Filterra a versatile yet effective stormwater BMP with a low life-cycle cost.

Filterra Offline
The Filterra Offline system is the standard Filterra configuration. A concrete
vault houses Filterra media, mulch and vegetation, and includes a top slab with
a tree grate ideal for urban areas where sidewalk space is required. The system
is typically placed in the curb line with a curb inlet upstream of a bypass catch
basin, but can also accept inlet pipes from an upstream bypass structure.

Filterra Bioscape Vault
The Filterra Bioscape™ Vault is an open top version of the Filterra Offline
system. The open top allows for better integration with site landscaping and
increased aesthetics. The system is typically placed in the curb line with a curb
inlet upstream of a bypass catch basin, but can also accept inlet pipes from an
upstream bypass structure. Low profile vegetation such as grasses may be used
to better address line-of-sight limitations.

Filterra Bioscape Vault Basin
The Filterra Bioscape™ Vault Basin configuration is a variant of the Filterra Bioscape Vault that is designed to be recessed into a depressed basin that captures the treatment flow and provides the necessary ponding. This configuration is ideal for use with upstream swales or for applications where it is preferable that the vault not be visible.